quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity portugal

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    19 行 · 2006-9-14 · Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity is, however, more than the appropriate choice of an index. It is as an integrated process that involves a robust experimental design, a correct choice and understanding of the trait, a detailed dissection of all sources of phenotypic variation, and a correct incorporation of developmental drift ...

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    step in ecological approaches to phenotypic plasticity is the quantitative estimation of the phenotypic change induced by the environment, which is of particular relevance in comparative studies of different species and populations (Valladares et al. 2000a, 2005a; Balaguer et al. 2001). This estimation must be simple,

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    2006-11-1 · Read 'Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications, Journal of Ecology' on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at …

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  • (PDF) Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications

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  • Quantitative Assessment of the Importance of Phenotypic ...

    2013-7-9 · Since phenotypic plasticity is currently recognized as being responsible for the majority of adaptive phenotypic changes in response to climate change –, this model is an important step forward in predicting effects of climate change on population persistence. The model combines demographic population properties (e.g., generation time ...

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  • How to analyse plant phenotypic plasticity in response to ...

    2020-9-4 · FERNANDO VALLADARES, DAVID SANCHEZ-GOMEZ, MIGUEL A. ZAVALA Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications, Journal of Ecology 94, no.6 6 (Nov 2006): 1103–1116.

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  • Phenotypic Placticity of Avena fatua and A. barbata | The ...

    typic plasticity studies fall into one of three categories. (1) Genetic models: after a long history of verbal descriptions and one- and two-locus models of the evolution of phenotypic plasticity there have been three recent quantitative genetic models

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  • The genetics of phenotypic plasticity. II. Response to ...

    the major aspects of research on phenotypic plasticity, assessing where progress has been made and where additional effortis required. I suggestthat some areas of research, such the study of the quantitative genetic underpinning of plasticity, have been either settled in broad outline or superseded by new approaches and questions.

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  • Evolution of phenotypic plasticity: where are we going now?

    2018-9-25 · Plaistow SJ, Collin H (2014) Phenotypic integration plasticity in Daphnia magna: an integral facet of G × E interactions. J Evol Biol 27:1913–1920. CAS Article Google Scholar Price TD, Qvarnstrom A, Irwin DE (2003) The role of phenotypic plasticity in driving genetic evolution. Proc Biol Sci 270:1433–1440.

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  • Pinheiro Silvestre em Portugal: 'extremo sudoeste' ou ...

    Phenotypic plasticity will be the only adaptation mechanism available for survival. Thus, the next generation will . be produced according to their respective fitness. Beyond that moment, genetic diversity will play a central role. The high phenotypic . plasticity of P. sylvestris was already reported for individuals from Nordic countries.

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  • Costs of Phenotypic Plasticity. | The American Naturalist ...

    2020-9-4 · Hirofumi Michimae, Akiomi Yoshida, Takeshi Emura, Masatoshi Matsunami, Kinya Nishimura Reconsidering the estimation of costs of phenotypic plasticity using the robust ridge estimator, Ecological Informatics 44 (Mar 2018): 7–20.

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  • Plasticity of primary and secondary growth dynamics in ...

    2013-8-26 · The tree level reflected the phenotypic plasticity of each genotype in response to water availability (1 = highly responsive, non-significant = non responsive). At tree level, correlations between I DM and circumference increments were higher than those with height increments (Figure 3). These differences were particularly apparent during early ...

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  • No genetic diversity at molecular markers and strong ...

    2007-4-27 · Thompson JD. Phenotypic plasticity as a component of evolutionary change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 1991; 6:246–249. [Google Scholar] Valladares F, Sanchez-Gomez D, Zavala MA. Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications. Journal of Ecology.

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  • An increase in transmission-related traits and in ...

    2015-12-22 · An increase in transmission-related traits and in phenotypic plasticity is documented during a fungal invasion MATTEO GARBELOTTO, 1 GIANNI DELLA ROCCA,2, TODD OSMUNDSON,1,3 VINCENZO DI LONARDO, 2 AND ROBERTO DANTI 2 1Department of ESPM, 54 Hilgard Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 USA 2Institute for Sustainable …

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  • Which demographic traits determine population growth in ...

    2009-6-16 · Phenotypic plasticity has often been cited as a life-history trait needed for colonization of new areas because colonists must be able to cope with a range of environmental conditions, but the establishment of viable, self-sustaining populations may depend on other traits (Sakai et al. 2001). The importance of lag phases in their rate of ...

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  • American Journal of Botany - Wiley

    2009-7-1 · Transverse sections of leaves that developed during the water deficit showed little change compared to control leaves, consistent with low phenotypic plasticity. Anatomical features distinguished the three species, with xeromorphic characteristics most strongly represented in Z. japonica. The leaf relative water content (RWC) decreased with the ...

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  • MDPI - Publisher of Open Access Journals

    MDPI is a publisher of peer-reviewed, open access journals since its establishment in 1996.

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  • Coastal atmospheric climate and decoration art design of ...

    2021-3-20 · Ecotourism in coastal cities is becoming more and more popular as a new way of tourism. The experience of tourists’ comfort and the experience of environmental decoration art in coastal cities have become an important indicator affecting the quality of ecotourism. Based on the statistical analysis of climate resources in a certain area in the eastern coastal area, this paper …

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  • The genetic regulation of avian migration timing ...

    2021-5-7 · Plant and animal populations can adapt to prolonged environmental changes if they have sufficient genetic variation in important phenological traits. The genetic regulation of annual cycles can be studied either via candidate genes or through the decomposition of phenotypic variance by quantitative genetics. Here, we combined both approaches to study the timing of migration in a …

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  • Phenotypic Plasticity of Cuticular Hydrocarbon Profiles in ...

    2018-2-22 · The insect integument is covered by cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) which provide protection against environmental stresses, but are also used for communication. Here we review current knowledge on environmental and insect-internal factors which shape phenotypic plasticity of solitary living insects, especially herbivorous ones. We address the dynamics of changes …

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  • Costs of Phenotypic Plasticity. | The American Naturalist

    2020-9-4 · Hirofumi Michimae, Akiomi Yoshida, Takeshi Emura, Masatoshi Matsunami, Kinya Nishimura Reconsidering the estimation of costs of phenotypic plasticity using the robust ridge estimator, Ecological Informatics 44 (Mar 2018): 7-20.

    Get Price
  • Plasticity of primary and secondary growth dynamics in ...

    2013-8-26 · The tree level reflected the phenotypic plasticity of each genotype in response to water availability (1 = highly responsive, non-significant = non responsive). At tree level, correlations between I DM and circumference increments were higher than those with height increments (Figure 3). These differences were particularly apparent during early ...

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Ring density record of phenotypic plasticity and ...

    We assessed for The evaluation of phenotypic plasticity requires the construc- each tree-ring breakpoints density and breakpoints position. tion of a norm of reaction (NoR), a phenotypic response by a given A drought index (DI) characterizes weather variation (Fig. 1b). genotype to an environmental gradient (Sarkar, 1999; Fuller, 2003; The DI ...

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  • Variation - 1st Edition

    2005-6-24 · Purchase Variation - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780120887774, 9780080454467

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  • Galium aparine L. - Taylor - 1999 - Journal of Ecology ...

    2001-12-24 · Salisbury (1974) reports the average mass of seed from shade-tolerant woodland and hedgerow plants as 3.7 mg, and Grime et al. (1988) record a mean seed mass of 7.25 mg for a hedgerow population. Galium aparine is a highly variable species owing to a combination of phenotypic plasticity and genecological variation.

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  • Epigenetic responses of hare barley ( Hordeum murinum ...

    2021-2-19 · Bongers FJ, Olmo M, Lopez-Iglesias B, Anten NPR, Villar R (2017) Drought responses, phenotypic plasticity and survival of Mediterranean species in …

    Get Price
  • MDPI - Publisher of Open Access Journals

    MDPI is a publisher of peer-reviewed, open access journals since its establishment in 1996.

    Get Price
  • Impact of male trait exaggeration on sex-biased gene ...

    2021-4-30 · Sexual dimorphism, or phenotypic differences between males and females of the same species, is one of the most common sources of phenotypic variation in nature [1, 2].Understanding how this process is regulated in a sex-specific manner at the genomic level still poses an important challenge [].Differences in gene expression have emerged as a common mechanism to explain phenotypic …

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  • Review of allometric equations for major land covers in SE ...

    2016-1-15 · Our review of biomass studies conducted for 11 Southeast Asian countries, Papua New Guinea, and southern China uncovered 402 above-ground and 138 below-ground biomass allometric equations for the following major land covers: forest, peat swamp forest, mangrove forest, logged over forest, orchard and tree plantation, rubber plantation, oil palm plantation, …

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  • (PDF) Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an ...

    Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an Atlantic maritime pine breeding population. Jordi Voltas. Related Papers. Genotype × Environment interactions in Pinus pinaster at age 10 in a multienvironment trial in Portugal: a maximum likelihood approach. By Teresa David.

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  • An increase in transmission-related traits and in ...

    2015-12-22 · An increase in transmission-related traits and in phenotypic plasticity is documented during a fungal invasion MATTEO GARBELOTTO, 1 GIANNI DELLA ROCCA,2, TODD OSMUNDSON,1,3 VINCENZO DI LONARDO, 2 AND ROBERTO DANTI 2 1Department of ESPM, 54 Hilgard Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 USA 2Institute for Sustainable …

    Get Price
  • Correlation Between Time of Flowering and Phenotypic ...

    2020-4-25 · The Mahalanobis distance can be calculated in all dimensions (Proc CANDISC in SAS, Inc., 1985); for a population, the Mahalanobis distance between the centroids repre- senting the two nutrient treatments in all the canonical dimensions provides an estimation of the amount of over- all plasticity of traits used in the analysis.

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  • Quantitative genetic variation in an island population of ...

    2004-7-14 · Reaction norms and the genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity in the wing pattern of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana. J Evol Biol 7 : 665–695. Article Google Scholar

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  • American Journal of Botany - Wiley

    2009-7-1 · Transverse sections of leaves that developed during the water deficit showed little change compared to control leaves, consistent with low phenotypic plasticity. Anatomical features distinguished the three species, with xeromorphic characteristics most strongly represented in Z. japonica. The leaf relative water content (RWC) decreased with the ...

    Get Price
  • Otolith phenotypic variability of the blue jack mackerel ...

    2020-3-7 · 83 the plasticity of fish body shape can be reversible through life (Meyer, 1987; Allendorf and 84 Hard, 2009). In both cases, the phenotypic variability reflects an individual/population response 85 to different environmental conditions (e.g., temperature, salinity, food availability, substrate

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Epigenetic rather than genetic factors may explain ...

    L. aggregate (Poaceae) in the British Isles. Bot Jour Linn Soc 1991, 73. Michalakis Y, Excoffier L: A generic estimation of population subdivision 106:347–397. using distances between alleles with special reference for microsatellite 50. Bretagnolle F, Thompson JD: Phenotypic plasticity in sympatric diploid loci.

    Get Price
  • Epigenetic responses of hare barley ( Hordeum murinum ...

    2021-2-19 · Bongers FJ, Olmo M, Lopez-Iglesias B, Anten NPR, Villar R (2017) Drought responses, phenotypic plasticity and survival of Mediterranean species in …

    Get Price
  • Massively Parallel Assays and Quantitative Sequence ...

    2019-9-21 · Over the last decade, a rich variety of massively parallel assays have revolutionized our understanding of how biological sequences encode quantitative molecular phenotypes. These assays include deep mutational scanning, high-throughput SELEX, and massively parallel reporter assays. Here, we review these experimental methods and how the data they produce can be …

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  • Zoology BSc | Royal Holloway, University of London

    Zoology (BSc) It’s hard not to marvel at the diversity of the natural world. From the smallest insect to the largest mammal, Zoology at Royal Holloway, University of London explores how each and every creature has a role to play in the ecology of our planet. The course examines animal evolution, physiology and diversity, developing your ...

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an ...

    Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an Atlantic maritime pine breeding population. Jordi Voltas. Related Papers. Genotype × Environment interactions in Pinus pinaster at age 10 in a multienvironment trial in Portugal: a maximum likelihood approach. By Teresa David.

    Get Price
  • Quantitative genetic variation in an island population of ...

    2004-7-14 · Reaction norms and the genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity in the wing pattern of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana. J Evol Biol 7 : 665–695. Article Google Scholar

    Get Price
  • Correlation Between Time of Flowering and Phenotypic ...

    2020-4-25 · The Mahalanobis distance can be calculated in all dimensions (Proc CANDISC in SAS, Inc., 1985); for a population, the Mahalanobis distance between the centroids repre- senting the two nutrient treatments in all the canonical dimensions provides an estimation of the amount of over- all plasticity of traits used in the analysis.

    Get Price
  • Otolith phenotypic variability of the blue jack mackerel ...

    2020-3-7 · 83 the plasticity of fish body shape can be reversible through life (Meyer, 1987; Allendorf and 84 Hard, 2009). In both cases, the phenotypic variability reflects an individual/population response 85 to different environmental conditions (e.g., temperature, salinity, food availability, substrate

    Get Price
  • Epigenetic responses of hare barley ( Hordeum murinum ...

    2021-2-19 · Bongers FJ, Olmo M, Lopez-Iglesias B, Anten NPR, Villar R (2017) Drought responses, phenotypic plasticity and survival of Mediterranean species in …

    Get Price
  • Adhesive plasticity among populations of purple sea urchin ...

    2020-8-13 · Purple sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus Stimpson, 1857), found on the west coast of North America between Mexico and Alaska, experience a wide range of environmental conditions that influence plasticity (Russell, 1987).Some of the morphological plasticity that purple sea urchins exhibit is related to pit-boring behavior on substrates with different hardness and …

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  • Investigating the case of human nose shape and climate ...

    2017-3-16 · Estimation of Qst relies on stipulating the within- and among-population components of phenotypic variance that are due to additive genetic effects. These variance components are ideally calculated through experiments in which the effects of environmental variables can be …

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  • (PDF) Epigenetic rather than genetic factors may explain ...

    L. aggregate (Poaceae) in the British Isles. Bot Jour Linn Soc 1991, 73. Michalakis Y, Excoffier L: A generic estimation of population subdivision 106:347–397. using distances between alleles with special reference for microsatellite 50. Bretagnolle F, Thompson JD: Phenotypic plasticity in sympatric diploid loci.

    Get Price
  • American Journal of Botany - Wiley Online Library

    2006-8-1 · Origin of the disjunct tetraploid Cardamine amporitana (Brassicaceae) assessed with nuclear and chloroplast sequence data. American Journal of Botany 91: 1231 – 1242 . Wiley Online Library PubMed Web of Science® Google Scholar. 49 Lihová, J., and Marhold, K. 2006.

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  • Zoology BSc | Royal Holloway, University of London

    Zoology (BSc) It’s hard not to marvel at the diversity of the natural world. From the smallest insect to the largest mammal, Zoology at Royal Holloway, University of London explores how each and every creature has a role to play in the ecology of our planet. The course examines animal evolution, physiology and diversity, developing your ...

    Get Price