in netherlands light detector physics

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  • Researchers create light waves that can penetrate

    Nikhef is active in KM3NeT, Auger, XENON1T/nT and Virgo. View projects. Research. Theory. Nikhef’s Theoretical Physics group performs theoretical research on a wide range of fundamental topics in high-energy physics, ranging from particle and astroparticle physics to …

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  • Physics - Reversing Light Scattering with a Handful of

    2021-5-4 · Indestructible light waves travel through opaque material as if it isn’t there. 04 May 2021. A scattering-invariant mode of light is generated by a spatial light modulator. This modulated beam propagates through free space (top) or a strongly scattering medium (bottom) such that the pattern of the transmitted light is the same in both cases.

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  • Home - Nikhef

    2020-12-10 · 10 Dec 2020 Hamish Johnston. One of the highlights in the Physics World calendar is the announcement of our Breakthrough of the Year, which will be made this year on Thursday 17 December. Today, we are revealing the 10 finalists for 2020, which serves as a shortlist from which we will pick the Breakthrough of the Year.

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  • Indestructible light waves travel through ... - Physics

    2015-7-3 · TIPP 2014 is the third Technology and Instrumentation in Particle Physics conference in the new series of international conferences in the field of particle physics sponsored by IUPAP. The program focuses on all areas of detector development and instrumentation in particle physics, astroparticle physics and closely related fields like ...

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  • Physics World announces its Breakthrough of the Year ...

    2021-5-17 · Brightest cosmic light detected on Tibetan Plateau may help rewrite laws of physics Lhaaso cosmic ray detector detects more than a dozen sources of ‘oh-my-God’ particles

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  • Physics - Squeezing More from Gravitational-Wave

    2017-8-14 · Using 480 μb −1 of lead–lead collision data recorded at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV by the ATLAS detector, here we report evidence for light-by-light scattering. A ...

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  • Research - AMOLF

    2021-6-10 · This endeavour yields more than just surprising physics, as managing light at the nanoscale brings many benefits for science, society and technology. Examples are more efficient and smarter LEDs, more efficient solar cells, medical diagnostics, and powerful, energy-efficient information technology based on light instead of electrons.

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  • Home - Nikhef

    De astrodeeltjesfysica brengt natuur- en sterrenkunde samen. In de kosmos vormen zeer sterke magnetische velden als het ware een ‘natuurlijke’ deeltjesversneller. Nikhef is actief in Auger, KM3NeT, Advanced Virgo, XENON1T. In het universum bestaat slechts 5% van de materie uit ‘spul’ dat we kennen, opgebouwd uit atomen.

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  • The indestructible light beam - Innovations Report

    2021-4-13 · A stellar constellation at the light detector. As special and rare as these scattering-invariant light modes may be, with the theoretically unlimited number of possible light waves, one can still find many of them. And if you combine several of these scattering-invariant light modes in the right way, you get a scattering-invariant waveform again.

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  • Novel ‘scattering-invariant’ light mode probes opaque ...

    2021-4-15 · Light detector. As unusual as these scattering-invariant light modes may be, with the theoretically unlimited number of possible light waves, it is possible to identify many of them. Combining several of the scattering-invariant light modes in the correct way …

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  • Indestructible Light Beam: Special Light Waves

    2021-4-12 · The beam of light passes through a disordered medium and projects the same picture onto the detector that would be detected without the medium. Credit: Allard Mosk/Matthias Kühmayer. Researchers at Utrecht University and at TU Wien (Vienna) create special light waves that can penetrate even opaque materials as if the material was not even there.

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  • The indestructible light beam - Nanowerk

    2021-4-12 · The indestructible light beam. ( Nanowerk News) Why is sugar not transparent? Because light that penetrates a piece of sugar is scattered, altered and deflected in a highly complicated way. However, as a research team from TU Wien (Vienna) and Utrecht University (Netherlands) has now been able to show, there is a class of very special light ...

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  • Quantification of Light Scattering Detection Efficiency ...

    Quantification of Light Scattering Detection Efficiency and Background in Flow Cytometry Leonie de Rond,1,2,3* Frank A. W. Coumans,1,2,3 Joshua A. Welsh,4 Rienk Nieuwland,2,3 Ton G. van Leeuwen,1,3 Edwin van der Pol1,2,3 KNOWLEDGE of the sensitivity is essential for data interpreta- tion and comparison between flow cytometers, especially when

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  • Development of Detector Systems for Internal and

    Development of Detector Systems for Internal and Fixed Target Heavy Ion Physics Experiments Golubev, Pavel LU () In Cosmic and Subatomic Physics Dissertation. Mark; Abstract This thesis deals with intermediate energy heavy ion reactions with the particular aim to study the nuclear matter equation of state which defines the relation between statistical parameters of a fermionic system.

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  • PhD student in experimental particle physics (Neutrino ...

    2021-3-9 · The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is under construction in the United States. A powerful neutrino beam will be generated at Fermilab (Chicago), and sampled in a near detector at Fermilab, and in a far detector 1,300 km away in the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. DUNE will measure neutrino oscillation parameters to unprecedented

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  • Precision measurement of the mass difference

    2015-8-17 · The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons 1,2.The extension of …

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  • Phys. Rev. Applied 14, 014015 (2020) - Detection of

    2020-7-7 · We report on the detection of diffraction gratings buried below a stack of tens of 18-nm-thick {\mathrm{Si}\mathrm{O}}_{2} and {\mathrm{Si}}_{3}{\mathrm{N}}_{4} layers and an optically opaque metal layer, using laser-induced, extremely high-frequency ultrasound. In our experiments, the shape and amplitude of a buried metal grating are encoded on the spatial phase of the reflected ...

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  • Tipp2014

    2020-1-20 · The Technology and Instrumentation in Particle Physics 2014 (TIPP 2014) conference was held in downtown Amsterdam, the Netherlands, from June 2-6. TIPP 2014 was the third in the new series of international conferences on detector and instrumentation under the auspices of IUPAP.

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  • Gravitational-wave physics and astronomy in the

    2021-4-14 · Rather than using laser light to measure variations in detector length as ground-based and space-based detectors do, a PTA measures variations in the radio frequency pulse arrival times at the ...

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  • CHARGED PARTICLE DETECTION USING THE TIMEPIX

    2016-11-14 · • 3 large scale vertex detector systems operating smoothly • One large RICH detector system (based on hybrid pixels in a photodetector tube) contributing to LHCb physics • In the Medipix2 and Medipix3 Collaborations we have taken the technology into many new fields • This talk will focus on charged particle tracking and

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  • Cosmic rays | Institute of Physics

    2021-6-16 · The HiSPARC detector. At the heart of the HiSPARC detector are two plastic plates, the scintillator plates. Each is housed in a separate light-tight box and the boxes are positioned several metres apart. The scintillator plate contains molecules of a substance which emit a tiny flash of light when they are hit by a high-energy particle.

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  • The indestructible light beam - chemeurope.com

    2021-4-14 · A stellar constellation at the light detector. As special and rare as these scattering-invariant light modes may be, with the theoretically unlimited number of possible light waves, one can still find many of them. And if you combine several of these scattering-invariant light modes in the right way, you get a scattering-invariant waveform again.

    Get Price
  • Researchers create light waves that can penetrate even ...

    2021-6-15 · For comparison: The light beam without scattering. Credit: Allard Mosk/Matthias Kühmayer A stellar constellation at the light detector As special and rare as these scattering-invariant

    Get Price
  • Indestructible Light Beam: Special Light Waves

    2021-4-12 · The beam of light passes through a disordered medium and projects the same picture onto the detector that would be detected without the medium. Credit: Allard Mosk/Matthias Kühmayer. Researchers at Utrecht University and at TU Wien (Vienna) create special light waves that can penetrate even opaque materials as if the material was not even there.

    Get Price
  • Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in ...

    This Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγγγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb-1, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC.

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  • Blackest Black Ever: Ultra-thin Material Absorbs

    2009-7-2 · Ideal light detector. Two researchers, Eduard Driessen, MSc, and Dr Michiel de Dood, have demonstrated that at a thickness of 4.5 nanometer niobiumnitride (NbN) is ultra-absorbent.

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  • PHYSICAL REVIEW D 102, 072004 (2020)

    interaction within the detector produces both prompt scintillation (S1) and delayed electroluminescence (S2) signals. These light signals are detected by arrays of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) on the top and bottom of *Also at Simons Center for Geometry and Physics and C. N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York, USA.

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  • ESA, Noordwijk, Netherlands | Astronomy.com

    Astronomy.com is for anyone who wants to learn more about astronomy events, cosmology, planets, galaxies, asteroids, astrophotography, the Big Bang, black holes ...

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  • Cosmic rays | Institute of Physics

    2021-6-16 · The HiSPARC detector. At the heart of the HiSPARC detector are two plastic plates, the scintillator plates. Each is housed in a separate light-tight box and the boxes are positioned several metres apart. The scintillator plate contains molecules of a substance which emit a tiny flash of light when they are hit by a high-energy particle.

    Get Price
  • Indestructible Light Beam: Special Light Waves

    2021-4-12 · The beam of light passes through a disordered medium and projects the same picture onto the detector that would be detected without the medium. Credit: Allard Mosk/Matthias Kühmayer. Researchers at Utrecht University and at TU Wien (Vienna) create special light waves that can penetrate even opaque materials as if the material was not even there.

    Get Price
  • Modeling subdiffusive light scattering by

    Modeling subdiffusive light scattering by incorporating the tissue phase function and detector numerical aperture J Biomed Opt . 2017 May 1;22(5):50501. doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.5.050501.

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  • Superconducting nanowire photon-number-resolving

    2008-4-13 · The light was fed to the PNDs through a single-mode optical fibre coupled with a long-working-distance objective, allowing the illumination of a single detector. In the cryogenic dipsticks the ...

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  • Frank Geurts | Faculty | The People of Rice | Rice

    Frank Geurts is a Professor of Physics & Astronomy at Rice University in Houston, Texas.He joined Rice in 2008 and leads the Experimental Relativistic Heavy Group. Frank received his Ph.D. at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, and since then has worked at Philips Research Laboratories ('Nat.Lab') in the Netherlands, Rice University in Houston, and at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland).

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  • Search for light long-lived neutral particles produced

    Several models of physics beyond the Standard Model predict the existence of dark photons, light neutral particles decaying into collimated leptons or light hadrons. This paper presents a search for long-lived dark photons produced from the decay of a Higgs boson or a heavy scalar boson and decaying into displaced collimated Standard Model ...

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  • Efficient Single-Photon Detection with 7.7 ps Time ...

    2021-3-12 · A broad range of scientific and industrial disciplines require precise optical measurements at very low light levels. Single-photon detectors combining high efficiency and high time resolution are pivotal in such experiments. By using relatively thick films of NbTiN (8–11 nm) and improving the pattern fidelity of the nanostructure of the superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors ...

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  • Optics Research Group

    Optics Research Group. The Optics Research Group of Delft University of Technology carries out research to achieve disruptive improvements in resolution and sensitivity for a plethora of applications, and provides high level education and supervision of students and trainings for industry.

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  • Experimental neutrino physics with DUNE - INSPIRE

    2021-4-15 · While the PhD position is at the Institute of Physics at the University of Amsterdam, you will be fully embedded in the neutrino group at Nikhef. You will be working both on the reconstruction and identification of neutrino events in the detector, and on R&D for the detection of scintillation light …

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  • Researchers create light waves that can penetrate even ...

    2021-6-15 · For comparison: The light beam without scattering. Credit: Allard Mosk/Matthias Kühmayer A stellar constellation at the light detector As special and rare as these scattering-invariant

    Get Price
  • CMOS X-rays detector array based on scintillating

    CMOS X-rays detector array based on scintillating light guides. ... S. Lanceros-Mendez graduated in physics at the University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Spain, in 1991. He obtained his PhD degree in 1996 at the Institute of Physics of the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Germany. ... The Netherlands, in 1984 and 1988, respectively ...

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  • A high-efficiency ultraviolet light detector based on ...

    Detection of ultraviolet (UV) light with high single-photon efficiency is required in many fields, from dark matter experiments to astronomical surveys, and even air pollution monitoring. Traditional detection techniques are based on the use of photo-multiplier tubes, which have typical single-photon efficiency of 20-25% for wavelengths λ < 300 nm, and are susceptible to thermal...

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  • SPIE Homepage

    SPIE Homepage. Recognize the extraordinary. SPIE Award nominations are due 1 July. The latest research in optoelectronics and advanced laser technologies. Browse the benefits of Membership today! Join fellow researchers at this international forum for new developments in advanced optics and photonics technologies. Recognize the extraordinary.

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  • Search for light long-lived neutral particles produced

    Several models of physics beyond the Standard Model predict the existence of dark photons, light neutral particles decaying into collimated leptons or light hadrons. This paper presents a search for long-lived dark photons produced from the decay of a Higgs boson or a heavy scalar boson and decaying into displaced collimated Standard Model ...

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  • Purdue University: Department of Physics and

    2021-5-25 · Co-convener of Heavy/Light Physics Working Group in PHENIX collaboration at RHIC (2004-2007) Project Manager of PHENIX reaction plane detector (2005-2007) Member, sPHENIX Collaboration at RHIC(2017 - present) Member of CMS Collaboration at LHC. (Jan. 2012 – present). Member, STAR Collaboration at RHIC(2007 - present)

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  • Introduction to Infrared (Part 1): The Physics Behind ...

    2018-4-8 · Infrared (IR) light is an electromagnetic radiation of small particles named photons. All objects at temperatures above absolute zero (-273°C or -459.69°F) emit infrared radiation, and this is how heat is transferred and detected by IR (thermal) cameras. This is why a thermal camera can operate even in complete darkness.

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  • Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in ...

    This Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγγγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb^{-1}, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC.

    Get Price